On earth, the sun passes unanimously, ruling the light of our day. Autumn begins bringing new nuances of light and shadow. This is the season of photographers and juicy fruits. The sunset dresses in dramatic colors and the nightly call of home arrive early: the warmth of the house, the warm and comforting food replenish the energy of volatile days.

This is the time of transition between summer and winter. It is the time of year when the seeds asleep by the heat awaken bringing new plants to the garden, time for abundance and harvest, time to choose the best fruits to sow and plant what we will eat in spring and next summer. Within the human mind, time to plan a better futureā€¦

Zucchinis, tomatoes, okra, broccoli, eggplants, herbs, corn. Everything seems to come at the same time this season. The rains and the summer sun did their part.

The stage of crop rotation, the removal of old plants, and the sowing of new seeds are also here. However, instead of having an empty flower bed, we will have some chaos, in the clutter between perennial and other plants that have fulfilled their time.

I have always explained to my students that this moment in the garden is equivalent to that of changing the milk teeth. They are small next to other big guys. So we can practice tolerance, accept the differences between cultivars.

In the old lettuce tree, which by now has given its flower tassel, grows the new pea tree, clinging with its tendrils, and as it gets heavy, the lettuce seeds will be ready to sow.

The cherry tomato finally dressed in red, gives us beautiful gifts every morning. He no longer likes cold water and loses some leaves in preparation for the new season, when the basil leaves provide him with protection. It is said that the cold brings couples together, just as in the garden they may be of different species. The partnership between crops helps a lot and makes the harvest more colorful.

The zucchini tree is reluctant to leave its flowerbed; it no longer feels like spreading its branches, instead of clinging to a corn or sunflower tree. The pumpkin grows every week, and its vast flowers attract new insects every day. The garden, which once seemed unpopulated, houses all kinds of animals. Even the butterflies are back! Poor cabbage feet, devoured if not cared for!

Anyway, we can grow in cooler hours, and the flowers reap to the altar. Holy Week marks the date of planting garlic, fertilizing the beds, and distributing their bulbs for the garden to defend. Planting them alongside cabbages, tomatoes and carrots are very good for repelling garden pests. Sow chives, parsley, and arugula, then reap.

At this time of year, the foliage becomes more beautiful because of the rainy season that has ended. New shoots will emerge in palm trees and indoor plants.

In many places in Brazil, autumn is also synonymous with drought. For those who live in dry regions, it is good to remember that plants will need a little more water to ensure hydration. Better to water more than once a week, than a lot of water at one time.

For those who live in the South, the cold begins to arrive. These are hot sunny days and cold nights. In the morning, the dew covers everything. Indoors, the greenhouse effect may occur. Be very careful with delicate plants, mosses, and orchids. Coldwater only at the roots. Cold wind?! No way! Thermal shock only favors breaking the dormancy of winter seeds and plants. Protect your plants from sudden changes in temperature. Just as the cold dries our skin, so can the leaves burn. On the balconies, the fruit trees will flourish, especially the lemon trees. Watch! Hydration time. If you have not yet fertilized, this is a good time to do so. And may your harvest be as exuberant as the colors of autumn.

Anyway, autumn has come!

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