Orchids are remarkably adapted plants in terms of evolution, are among the most specialized, to the point that there are orchids that only pollinate ( complete their fertilization ) with the help of a single insect, such as vanilla, originating from the islands of the Pacific. This is one of the reasons they are so rare and diverse, causing fascination among their collectors.
Although they are ubiquitous here and chosen as one of the ultimate gifts when someone wants to give someone a flower, not everyone knows the right way to grow an orchid. In this post and over others, I will try to clarify some doubts about the cultivation of this beautiful flower.
To take good care of an orchid, you need to know where it comes from. There are orchids as rare as their habitat, and the smaller the species niche, the more limited its distribution. Slot is the set of structures that sustain the life of a species, such as orchids, where it grows, what kind of substrate (soil) it lays its roots in, the moisture in the air where it lives, in addition to other factors such as temperature, light type, ventilation and insects that are part of their survival.
Once you discover the origin of your orchid – many of them have this record in the care instructions, but if yours doesn’t, ask the store vendor who can help you – the next step is to reproduce your natural environment, as close as possible.
Currently, the best selling orchids in garden stores are Phalaenopsis amabilis, golden rain ( Oncidium varicose rogersii ), chocolate orchid ( Oncidium Sharry baby ) and cattleyas. All of them are hardy orchids that bloom for extended periods (their flowers can last up to two months) and thrive once or twice a year with a little care.
Today I will talk about the epiphytes or palm trees. The name is complicated, but they are nothing more than the orchids that live in the trees. This species absorbs moisture from the trunk where it is fixed. In it, you find exactly what you need, as it does not tolerate water accumulation in its roots and leaves. If water accumulates, the plant will rot.
Apart from moisture and support, the epiphyte does not extract any food from the trunk. This plant performs photosynthesis from nutrients absorbed from the air and rain, or from fragments that fall close to its roots. In general, the epiphyte blooms up to four times a year, and some produce long stems with multiple flowers. Others have vast and fragrant flowers.
Orchids of this species should be fertilized after the second year of cultivation with appropriate fertilizer for this type of plant. They should be planted on a substrate of inert material (dry and dead) such as gravel, kinase (expanded clay), diced coconut shell, or any other tree.
Be careful that sunlight does not shine on it after 8 am, not before 5 pm. Water abundantly once a week, wetting leaves and roots like summer rain.
During winter, it may take a little longer for the roots to dry up if you live near the coast, and a little less if you live inland. Avoid watering them on the coldest winter days and during the hottest hours. Yes, orchids are sensitive plants and like pampering, such as spraying their leaves to soften the high temperatures and moisturize them without dampening their roots too much.
As for ventilation, it is essential to know that a light breeze can regulate the temperature of your plant in summer. However, cold winds can cause staining and rot of the buttons. Do not cut the withering flowers or floral stem, as the orchid will reabsorb all the water and nutrients before they fall. Once the stem is completely dry, make sure there is no new floral stem. Before cutting, an old one often feeds the new one, as well as a guide. When you remove it, use a small pair of scissors to do so.