The rupicolous are orchids that lived in tree trunks, but as time went on – thousands of them – they adapted to the natural landslides of the forest, frequent in tropical and rainy countries, like ours. These orchids then developed on stones, settling in a mixture of gravel and litter (layer formed by the deposition and accumulation of dead organic matter in different stages of decomposition), mosses and lichens, surviving the scorching sun during the day and Cold dawn with dew and mist. The rupicolous are set on cliffs and cliffs. They are native orchids from the regions of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Espirito Santo, and Bahia.
To take good care of orchid of this species, you have to reproduce its natural environment in the best possible way, as I mentioned earlier. It is necessary to understand the difference between plants of mountainous places (altitude), for example, where there is a big difference between daytime and night temperatures, which is known as thermal amplitude. Sometimes, too, details such as salinity in the air, present in coastal cities, can hinder the excellent development of some orchids and favor others.
For this reason, there are so many divergences between care with this type of plant. Although they are all in the same family – Orchidaceae, they may need very different consideration. When cultivating orchids, it is essential to know how to differentiate the group to which they belong because it will explain how the plant grows, and consequently you will find out the best type of pot. By the shape of the leaves, roots, and stems, it is possible to know if the orchids belong to the monopodial or sympodial group. Despite the complicated names, it is easy to distinguish between the two groups. Monopodial plants are those that have upright stems – standing – sheathed leaves (embracing the stem) and without petioles (stems between leaves and roots). These orchids grow in the opposite direction to the sources, alternating the leaves from side to side, around a single axis formed by the stem. An example of a monopodial orchid is the Phalaenopsis.